[Living in Korea] What does Samiljeol mean?
March 1st is a very important national holiday in South Korea, known as "Samiljeol" or "Independence Movement Day". It commemorates the March 1st Movement, which was a peaceful demonstration for Korean independence from Japanese colonial rule that took place on March 1st, 1919.
On that day, a group of 33 Korean nationalists read out a declaration of independence in Seoul's Tapgol Park, and the movement quickly spread throughout the country, with millions of Koreans participating in protests and demonstrations. The movement was met with brutal repression by the Japanese authorities, with many protesters killed, arrested, or tortured.
Despite the initial suppression of the movement, it marked a turning point in Korea's struggle for independence, and is considered a key event in Korean history. March 1st is now a public holiday in South Korea, and is marked with ceremonies and events across the country, including the ringing of the Bosingak bell in Seoul's Jongno district. It is a day to remember the sacrifices made by those who fought for Korean independence, and to celebrate the country's freedom and democracy.
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